These medieval and renaissance stone bows were popular in the 15th and 16thC in England, but date back to the early 15thC in Italy and earlier in China They shoot small rolled clay balls or more powerfully, lead shot.
The cheapness of clay balls means that it was very useful for small game and birds where bolts would easily get lost.
Stonebows are hand spanned and around 140lbs and accurate and fast enough for pigeons at 20m/20yds.
This bow is shown here:
This crossbow is typical of many medieval 15thC munition quality war crossbows so it is plain. Bow irons came in around 1400 though lashing was also still used, and this...
15thC medieval windlass crossbow - 880lbs Ash stock, linen string, sprung trigger and steel windlass. Often called a rampart crossbow. This crossbow is a massively powerful winch operated artillery weapon...
This medieval crossbow is typical of many 15thC munition quality war crossbows so it is plain and rather blocky. Bow irons came in around 1400 though lashing was also still...